Medical foods, Functional foods, and Dietary supplements
Medical foods means nutritional substances in any form that are formulated to be consumed or administered enter ally under the supervision of a physician. Functional foods are the foods that marketed for purposes other than nourishment of your body. For instance, Activia® is a probiotic yogurt. It helps to regulate your digestive system. On the other hand, Dietary supplement is a manufacture product that can provide nutrient extracted from food source in order to increase the quantity of their consumption.
Difference among medical foods, functional foods, and dietary supplements
|Medical Foods||Functional Foods||Dietary Supplements|
|Medical foods are foods that are specially formulated and intended for the dietary management of a disease.||A functional food is a food that claimed to have an additional function by adding new ingredients or more of existing ingredients.||Dietary supplement is a manufacture product that can provide nutrient extracted from food source in order to increase the quantity of their consumption.|
|Formulated to consume under the supervision of a physician.||No need to consume under the supervision of a physician.||For some cases needed to consume under the supervision of a physician.|
|Manufacturers are not required to prove efficacy or safety before marketing medical food.||Required to prove safety before marketing functional food.||Does not required to prove efficacy or safety before marketing dietary supplement.|
|Taken when a patient is receiving active and ongoing medical supervision. For a condition requiring medical care.||Have a potentially positive effect on health beyond basic nutrition.||People take these to make sure that they get enough essential nutrients.|
|Example: Axona is marketed for “Alzheimer’s disease”.|
Limbrel is marketed for “osteoarthritis”.
|Example: Activia, Dan Active, Grains, fruits, nuts, vegetables and modified foods such as yogurt, orange juice are the examples of functional food.||Example: Vitamin D and B12, mineral like calcium and iron.|