Microbiology is the study of microorganism or microbes include bacteria, archaea, algae, fungi, protozoa, and viruses.
One the other hand, Microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms, classification, morphology, physiology, metabolism, distribution in nature, relationship to each other & other living organisms.
The major groups of microorganisms include bacteria, archaea, fungi (yeasts and molds), algae, protozoa, and viruses.
There are many scopes and application for microbiology. They are,
Genetics: It is the study of to make hormones, vaccine, antibiotics, many other useful products for human being.
Agriculture: It is the study of the prevention of the diseases that mainly damage the useful crops.
Food science: It is the study of prevention of spoilage of food, food diseases, the uses of microbes to produce cheese, yoghurt, beer.
Immunology: The study of immune system which protect the body from pathogens.
Medicine: It is the study of with the identification of plans and measures to cure diseases of human and animals which are infectious to them.
Industry: It is the study of use of microbes to produce antibiotics, steroids, alcohol, vitamins, amino acids etc.
Microbiology tells us about different bacteria and organisms, their life cycle, their growth, and reproduction as well as how they can be killed so that you can later understand the mechanism of action of certain drugs, like chemotherapeutic agents, like antibacterial, antifungals, anti-cancer, etc. It also teaches us methods of sterilization which is obviously required and useful for becoming a pharmacist or any other medically related profession.
For getting more knowledge about Microbiology, one should read as many books as possible. Here, You can find all sorts of pharmacology books.